ccpd policy on juvenile offenders

DISCLAIMER: The following FAQs and summaries were produced by the Policing Project, a non-profit organization. Although based on official policies of the Camden County Police Department, they do NOT represent official CCPD policy, practice, custom, or procedure. These FAQs and summaries should not be treated as complete or comprehensive. To read the official CCPD policy in full, view them here or click the blue button on each summary page.

 

When may a juvenile be taken into police custody?

A juvenile (a person under age 18) may be taken into police custody:

  • With a court-issued order or warrant;

  • For conduct that would be a crime, offense, or violation if committed by an adult;

  • When an officer believes that the health and safety of the juvenile is in serious danger and protective custody is necessary to prevent abuse or neglect; or

  • When an officer believes that a juvenile in the care of the state has run away and is not a victim of abuse or neglect.

What is a curbside warning?

When the juvenile’s misconduct does not rise to the level of an arrest, an officer may issue a curbside warning, in which the juvenile is detained and counseled about the consequences of his or her actions. The juvenile’s name will be recorded and the officer will instruct the juvenile to return home. The officer may drive the juvenile home if necessary.

What type of police actions can occur when a juvenile is taken into police custody?

When a juvenile is taken into police custody, the juvenile will be transported to a juvenile facility, unless the juvenile requires medical attention. After being taken into custody, the reason for custody will be immediately explained to the juvenile. A parent or legal guardian must be contacted as soon as possible and provided with the reason for custody, the custody status, estimated time and conditions of release, and any additional investigative procedures that may be taken.

When a juvenile engages in misconduct and is taken into custody, officers may give the juvenile a station house adjustment or warning agreement (for less serious crimes only), or may file a juvenile delinquency complaint. A stationhouse adjustment or warning agreement is a written agreement, signed by the juvenile, where the juvenile agrees to avoid future misbehavior. With a juvenile delinquency complaint, the juvenile is not receiving a warning but is being sent to juvenile court or family court. In either circumstance, the juvenile’s parent or guardian will be contacted.

What happens before juveniles are interviewed while in custody?

Prior to interviewing a juvenile who is in custody, officers must contact the juvenile’s parent or guardian and request that they respond to the location. The officer will read the juvenile’s Miranda Rights in the presence of his or her parent or guardian. The officer will not question or take statements from the juvenile without parental permission. If the parents cannot be reached after a reasonable amount of time, then another responsible adult family member may take their place. If a parent or legal guardian must sign the Miranda Rights form before the juvenile can be interviewed. If they refuse to sign the form, an interview cannot be conducted without supervisor authorization.

Can a school official conduct an interview in the presence of an officer?

Situations involving school interviews, where a school official conducts the interview and the officer stands by in silence, are prohibited.